The Honorable Members of Congress,
Distinguished Scholars,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Please allow me to begin by thanking the co-organizers of this timely Conference,
including the U.S. India Political Action Committee (USINPAC), the American Foreign
Policy Council (AFPC), and the Foundation of India and Indian Diaspora Studies
(FIIDS). In fact, I have been on a private visit to the U.S., and did not come to
Washington-DC for this purpose. But my special thanks to the Chairman of USINPAC,
Mr. Sanjay Puri, who kindly extended to me an invitation to speak today. I gladly
accepted to do so, on a short notice, given the importance of our enduring strategic
partnership with India and the United States. Of course, I am deeply honored to share
this podium with Members of the United States Congress, B.J.P. President the
Honorable Rajnath Singh Ji, as well as other distinguished speakers from the U.S. and
Ladies and Gentlemen,
In an increasingly interdependent, interconnected, and shrinking world, security and
stability in one country depends on the security and stability of the rest. This is
especially the case with landlocked countries, whose stability and sustainable
development squarely depend on an enabling regional environment. Afghanistan is a
landlocked country and heavily relies on regional cooperation, from economic to
political and security sectors, in order to stabilize and develop on a sustainable basis.
However, as we recall from the recent history of Afghanistan, regional and international
actors have not always been kind to us, indeed, at their own peril on the long run.
During the Cold War, Afghanistan was compelled to side with the West led by the
United States, and together we ended the Soviet occupation of the Afghanistan and
subsequently toppled the Communist Regime, which the former Soviet Union
supported. After this victory, the Afghan people rightfully expected the international
community and the United States in particular to help stabilize and rebuild our country
so that peace, freedom, democracy, and pluralism could gradually take root and become
institutionalized in Afghanistan.
On the contrary, however, soon after the fall of the Communist Regime, following the
withdrawal of the defeated Soviet forces from Afghanistan, the post-war reconstruction
and stabilization of our country were completely neglected. Morally speaking, we were
not rewarded for the destruction of our country, the killing of over two million Afghans,
and the displacement of over five million others, all caused by a Cold War proxy conflict
that we fought on behalf of the West.
As the world disengaged from Afghanistan prematurely, our state institutions began
failing, our politics became factionalized, and our country turned into a no man’s land,
serving as a battlefield for regional proxy conflicts. This subsequently allowed Pakistan
to create and launch a paramilitary force labeled as “Taliban” to invade and occupy
Afghanistan. And overtime, as we recall, the Taliban invited and sheltered the leader of
Al Qaeda, Osama Bin Laden, in Afghanistan, from where he and his transnational
network comfortably mastermind and executed the tragedy of 9/11.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Anyone who visited Afghanistan under the Taliban 12 years ago and has visited the
country since would tell you about the fundamental ways in which Afghanistan has been
transformed. Our monumental achievements of the past 12 years result from the
sacrifices of many nations in Afghanistan. And we remain indebted to each of the 48
nations, which have been providing us with moral and material support over the past
Foremost, we are thankful to the United States people and government for their
continued support, as they have stood by us every step of the way to get where we are
today. We honor the ultimate sacrifices of more than 3,000 American forces, who
bravely fought alongside their Afghan comrades to help provide an enabling, secure
environment for institutionalization of peace and democracy in Afghanistan. I want
their families and their Representatives in the United States Congress to know that
these forces’ ultimate sacrifices have not gone in vain but have changed forever the lives
of millions of Afghans across our country.
At the same time, we are grateful to the Indian people and government for sharing their
bread with us over the past 12 years. India’s generous assistance has complemented the
aid provided by the U.S. and other countries in building institutional capacity in our
government, rebuilding our critical infrastructure, and connecting Afghanistan
commercially with the rest of the region.
As a result of combined international aid over the past 12 years:
 10.5 million Afghans are enrolled in schools across Afghanistan. Each year, more
than 150,000 students graduate to pursue higher education in Afghanistan and
abroad, including India where we have nearly 10,000 students pursuing degrees
in the different fields.
 Our per capita GDP of $591 in 2011 is five times higher than $123 per capita GDP
of 10 years ago.
 Nearly 8,000 kilometers of national highways, regional highways, and provincial
roads have been built, cutting travel time by 75%.
 Moreover, civil aviation has improved, connecting Afghanistan with major
regional hub.
 Access to electricity has increased by 250%, while some 18 million Afghans have
mobile phones. Collectively, this has helped us maintain a 10% growth rate,
creating many jobs that never existed in the Afghan history.
 And democracy is flourishing. We have the freest media in the region, one of the
most progressive constitutions in the region, allowing 27% of women to serve as
MPs in the Parliament. At the same time, Afghanistan’s civil society is growing
more and more vibrant, frequently challenging the government and holding it to
Ladies and Gentlemen,
These and many of our other achievements are naturally a work in progress. To ensure
their consolidation into sustainable gains, we have signed a number of Strategic
Partnership Agreements with our allies in the region and beyond. These Agreements
build on the objectives of the Istanbul, Bonn, Chicago, and Tokyo conferences on
Afghanistan, helping us transition towards self-reliance in the post 2014 period into a
decade of transformation.
The U.S. and India are two of our major strategic allies, and the Agreements we have
signed with them provide for their continued support to Afghanistan beyond 2014. In an
effort to work together towards our common objectives to help stabilize and rebuild
Afghanistan, our three countries have established a Trilateral Strategic Dialogue, which
has met two times so far. But the mechanism remains under-utilized, which must be
reinvigorated and used to ensure strategic coordination of the U.S. and Indian aid
efforts, in support of Afghanistan now and beyond 2014.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
As we consolidate our gains of the past 12 years with continued international support,
we have increasingly taken over from our allies the tasks that any sovereign country
should execute on its own. Last June, the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) took
over from the NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) the complete
leadership and ownership of all military operations across Afghanistan. The ANSF is
now providing protection for the whole Afghan population, while NATO-ISAF has begun
its new mission of advising, training, and equipping the ANSF.
In spite of the ongoing successes of the ANSF against the enemy, our forces are yet to be
fully independently operational. We continue to lack an Air Force and other such critical
enablers as artillery, armored mobility, reconnaissance and intelligence capabilities,
close air support capabilities, airlift and medical evacuation capabilities, as well as
logistics and maintenance mechanisms that constitute the backbone of any force.
To help address these needs, we are going to sign a Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA)
with the United States. At the same time, we have provided India with a list of needs to
assist Afghanistan with. We believe that India can fill some of the training and
equipping gaps in the Afghan National Security Forces. And the Indian government has
responded positively to our request for enhanced defense cooperation, based on the
Afghanistan-India Strategic Partnership Agreement.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Parallel to the security transition, the Afghan government has striven to ensure the
success of our political transition through implementation of a legitimate, fair, and
transparent presidential election next year on April 5, 2014. As HE President Karzai has
said many times, his second and last term under the Constitution is going to come to an
end, and rumors that he would remain in office is baseless. In fact, the President signed
in two law two critical electoral reforms paving the way for the peaceful and democratic
transfer of power to the next president.
At the same time, despite the way the Taliban office was opened in Doha, Qatar, we
remain committed to ending the war in Afghanistan that would result in further
strengthening of our sovereignty and territorial integrity. That is the basic expectation of
the Afghan people, the victims of more than three decades of war, who continue to fight
and die day after day and year after year to ensure the absolute freedom and
independence of our country, nothing less.
With that basic fact firmly in mind, the Afghan government and people are cautiously
seeking a negotiated settlement with the armed opposition, including the Taliban. And
that means an Afghan-led, Afghan-owned, and Afghan-controlled peace process where
only Afghans talk to Afghans, with non-Afghans only facilitating the process at the
request of the Afghan government.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
The new democratically elected government of Pakistan under HE Prime Minister
Nawaz Sharif has taken initial, bold steps towards honest cooperation with Afghanistan
and India. The Afghan people and government welcome with great optimism the Prime
Minister’s call for a new policy that sees the end of interference in the Afghan affairs
now and beyond 2014.
To that end, this past Sunday, HE Sartaj Aziz, Adviser to the Prime Minister on National
Security and Foreign Affairs, visited Kabul, and delivered an invitation from HE Prime
Minister Sharif to HE President Karzai to visit Pakistan. The President accepted the
invitation “in principle,” but asked that a substantive agenda with specific objectives on
supporting the peace process and effectively fighting terrorism be prepared, before the
visit could take place.
HE Foreign Minister Dr. Zalmai Rasool also met with HE Aziz and expressed our hope
to make considerable progress with Pakistan’s new government in all areas, including in
the fight against terrorism and extremism and the networks and systems supporting
them. HE Aziz offered to use his country’s influence and contacts with the Taliban, in
support of the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace process. This is a welcome offer of
assistance, which Afghanistan had long been seeking. The two sides also emphasized the
importance of expanding bilateral transit trade, following a meeting of the Coordinating
Authority to address issues related to the Afghanistan and Pakistan Trade and Transit
Agreement (APTTA).
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Afghanistan’s number one challenge is insecurity with external roots, which exploits
Afghanistan’s numerous vulnerabilities, including ethnic diversity, widespread poverty,
and weak state institutions. The externality of insecurity can also spoil the peace process
in Afghanistan and impede our progress into a decade of transformation beyond 2014.
That is why we welcome regional efforts with strong, proactive participation of India to
address this shared challenge facing Afghanistan and the whole region. India should
play a leading role in regional processes, as well as reaching a consensus with Russia
and China to work out a regional roadmap for stabilization and reconstruction of
Afghanistan where our sovereignty and territorial integrity are ensured, thereby
allowing the three countries in the region to invest in Afghanistan and to prevent
destructive interference in the Afghan affairs.
At the same time, we renew our call on the international community to stay the course
in Afghanistan. Our gains of the past 12 years should be consolidated through
implementation of win-win objectives, which have been outlined in the Bonn, Chicago,
and Tokyo Conferences, as well as through regional initiatives such as the Istanbul
Indeed, winning or losing in Afghanistan squarely depends on whether our allies and
friends would actually deliver on the commitments they have made in these conferences
and their routine interactions with the Afghan government. We hope they would do so
for the reasons, which I would like to explain briefly.
The implications of winning are clear: a sovereign Afghanistan at peace internally and at
peace with others focused on win-win objectives towards a region where every nation
would be secure and prosper through economic cooperation. This is the world in which
we live today, a world which is increasingly interdependent and where zero-sum designs
have proven a failure and a disaster. Sincere, results-oriented cooperation is the call of
our peoples in the region and beyond. And Afghanistan stands ready to do our part for
the good of all.
By contrast, however, the implications of losing what is a winnable war for peace and
justice are also clear in Afghanistan. Any short-cut to peace leads to failure. Such halfmeasure
peace initiatives were tried to engage the Taliban in the 1990s, with disastrous
consequences. Let’s remember that the Taliban of today are the same dark forces that
brutally terrorized the Afghan people, systematically destroyed our cultural heritage
sites, enforced a gender-apartheid of unspeakable cruelty, and sheltered and aided Al
Qaeda to plot and execute from the Afghan soil the tragedy of 9/11. Morally speaking,
any attempt to sideline Afghans and undermine their democratic gains of the past 12
years would not only destabilize the region but irresponsibly endanger international
peace and security again.
Thank you.

Roadmap to a stable, secure and prosperous Afghanistan

There is no doubt that after more than two decades of war and militancy, Afghanistan today is a country precariously poised at the crossroads of history. As the Obama administration mulls its various options for the eventual withdrawal of US and NATO forces from Afghanistan in 2014, the role of western and regional powers like India in Afghanistan’s rehabilitation process comes sharply into focus. No country wants a repeat of 1989, when the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan precipitated a Pakistan backed militancy uprising in India’s northern State of Kashmir and the rise of Taliban in Afghanistan. Stability in Afghanistan is vital to stability and peace in South Asia and the world.

As a new but politically fragile Afghanistan explores the path to reconstruction and development, what are the strengths and problems at hand? How can the West and the regional powers help Afghanistan chart out a balanced roadmap to unified, secure, stable and prosperous future?
The recent transfer of leadership of security from the U.S. led NATO coalition of forces to the nascent Afghan armed forces opens up urgent and critical venues for continued support in intelligence, training, counter insurgency and logistics. With USA as a key partner, Afghanistan is also counting on partners like India in providing training for Afghan security and police forces.

Reconstructing Afghanistan remains a major challenge and it is only possible through enduring political will, international cooperation and major materials and manpower support. Meanwhile, 60 countries including many foreign aid organizations are working on projects providing basic services like education, electricity and healthcare including larger projects like building roads, dams, schools and hospitals. The country needs long term commitment and sustained focus on such projects to develop cadres of educated, Afghan professionals and officials who can then help chart its independent future.

For 250 years now, Afghanistan has withstood external forces as one nation despite deep ethnic divisions in the county. Today, these tribal factions are vying for a say in the political and military future of the country. How should the country accommodate the interests of all its distinct nationalities, including Pashtu, Tajik, Uzbek, Hazara, Pashaei, Noorestani, Baluch, Aimak, Turkmen , Gujjar, Brahui, Pamiri etc. to work together to build one strong nation of Afghanistan? How should the country facilitate dialogue with various political and insurgent groups to negotiate peace for the future? There is an urgent need to ensure a fairly shared platform for all parts of the civil society, including women’s groups, returning refugees and former insurgents.

Afghanistan possesses abundant reserves of mineral ore; the U.S. Geological survey estimates it to be worth between $900 billion-$3 trillion of untapped mineral deposits. How can this national wealth be safely translated into building a prosperous future for all Afghan citizens and not frittered away to corruption? In Agriculture, despite having only 12% of arable land, 80% of Afghanistan’s population depends on farmland for its livelihood. The country needs agriculture revitalization strategies to wean away from decades of highly profitable, but illegal, opium cultivation to sustainable projects involving food crops, livestock, irrigation and energy generation.
The challenges facing Afghanistan today are many, but a secure, stable and prosperous future for the country is possible with inclusive political strategy, fair exploitation of its natural resources and strong and continuous support from the international community. These challenges also provide Afghanistan with unique opportunities that could play a vital role in ensuring stability and security not only for its citizens but for those of Asia and the world.



Afghanistan, its Security, Stability and Prosperity

USA and other NATO led troops of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) are now preparing to withdraw from Afghanistan.  As a matter of future policy USA will leave some elements behind to be able to exercise and influence events in Afghanistan. However rebuilding Afghanistan will be a herculean task. It will require international support, humongous human and material resources, and a steadfast political commitment. The size of the country , the extent of the human needs, the absolute decay of  infrastructure, and the scarcity of local professional capacity combine to make restoring Afghanistan an immense challenge.

The only way in which Afghanistan can return to the state of lasting peace is to establish a political procedure by which various Afghan tribes and leaders can develop a common national agenda. This method can offer opportunities for extensive and widespread participation of various Afghan groups at all levels, and must realistically account for current power realities in the country. The solution agreed to by the Afghan factions represented in Bonn is only the first step towards a long-term process of creating a unified, representative, and stable government. It will require consideration not only to the political process itself, but also to security and public order needs, justice concerns, and economic and social needs. A new, steady Afghan government must be an essential partner in the struggle to prevent terrorists from using the country’s domain once again.

Afghanistan’s economic potential majorly depends on economic links to their neighbors for everything from markets for its agricultural products, infrastructure investments, and a possible natural gas pipeline. Given high debt burdens and severe governance challenges throughout the region, addressing economic and political development in both a regional and bilateral context is peremptory.

The potential of Afghanistan’s professional diaspora living all over the world must be tapped to contribute to a strengthening of the socio-economic sector. Return of committed, educated and skilled Afghanis, along with increased investment and the opening of trade channels, are needed to reverse the substantial “brain drain” that Afghanistan has suffered due to over three decades of violent conflict.

US India Political Action Committee (USINPAC) in association with American Foreign Policy Council (AFPC) and Foundation of India and Indian Diaspora Studies (FIIDS) is organizing a conference focusing on the issue of   Afghanistan and the Region: Security, Stability and Prosperityon Tuesday, July 23, 2013 at the Capitol Hill, Washington DC. The conference which has been divided into 3 sessions will be graced by some of the most eminent speakers, in short the people who matter. Here is the schedule:

Session 1- 10:00 A.M to 11:15 A.M

Management of Transition and Ensuring Stability


  • Congressman Eliot L. Engel, Ranking Member, House Committee on Foreign Affairs (Opening Speaker)
  • Congressman Joseph Crawley, Co-Chair, Congressional Caucus on India and Indian-Americans
  • Mr. Kanwal Sibal, Former Foreign Secretary of India
  • Ms. Lisa Curtis, Senior Research Fellow, Heritage Foundation
  • Mr. Micheal O’ Hanlon, Director of Research, Brookings Institute

Session 2- 11:30 A.M to 12:30 P.M

India, Afghanistan and Regional Security (Keynote Session)


  • Congressman Ed Royce, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee
  • Mr. Rajnath Singh, President, Bhartiya Janata Party,  (BJP) India
  • Mr. Amrullah Saleh, Former Head of Afghan Intelligence

Session 3- 1:00 P.M to 2:30 P.M

Moderate and Balanced Afghanistan- Imperative for Regional Security


  • Mr. Ajit Doval, Former Director, Intelligence Bureau (IB), India
  • Mr. Mehran Baluch, Baloch Leader
  • Mr. Senge  Sering, President, Institute of Gilgit Baltistan Studies Moderate and Balanced Afghanistan- Imperative for Regional Security

The conference aims to engage communities to discuss factors affecting security, stability and prosperity in Afghanistan and surrounding region. The sessions will focus on critical dimensions of a balanced and unified strategy that can lead to Afghanistan’s stable and secure development. Participate in the discussion on how the management of political environment can be a force to bring peace and prosperity in Afghanistan and its consequential effect on nearby nations including India. We hope that you will be able to join us for this unique conference where leading international speakers are featured.


Attendance Strictly by RSVP only

RSVP: events@usinpac.com

The 123 Agreement finally has a time frame

The Indo-U.S. civilian nuclear agreement, also known as the Indo-U.S. nuclear deal, refers to a bilateral accord on civil nuclear cooperation between the United States of America and the Republic of India. The much-anticipated deal had been in the making for several years, until New Delhi and Washington completed a civil-nuclear-energy agreement in 2008, considered a landmark in bilateral relations between the two democracies and a first step toward recognition of India’s nuclear program.

Why India needs Nuclear energy?

Today, India has an installed capacity of 4.5 GW of nuclear power which accounts for 3 percent of the total electricity generated. The demand for power is projected to stand at about 350-400 GW by 2020 and nuclear power generation capacity is expected to increase to about 35 GW. India targets to achieve 25 percent electricity production from this source by 2050. It would be baffling to mention that France, at present, generates 78% of its electricity from nuclear power plant. The U.S.-India deal could also reduce the perceived costs to states that might consider “going nuclear” in the future.

Besides, nuclear power is a clean source of energy. Amazingly, 1 GW of power station would consume roughly 3.1 million tonnes of black coal each year as compared to only 24 tonnes of enriched uranium.


There has been an unusual delay in the bill reaching towards its implementation but there has been intermittent forward movement towards building on the foundational basis laid down by it. One such noteworthy development happened in 2009 when the Indian government specifically delineated two sites for hosting American-origin reactors and this was conveyed to US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on her visit to India the same year.

After all these years, it seemed like a significant leap forward for U.S.-India relations when Secretary of State John Kerry announced American nuclear equipment supplier Westinghouse Electric Co. would sign a “commercial agreement” to sell nuclear reactors to India’s Nuclear Power Corporation by September, 2013. Mr. Kerry’s declaration, which came during a three-day trip to India for regular strategic talks, was meant to signal progress in the countries’ hitherto abortive efforts to trade in nuclear technology. The U.S. sees the Westinghouse-NPCIL agreement as a key test of whether the nuclear deal can indeed proceed as it had hoped, and ensure projects for its companies. General Electric, another nuclear giant that wants to provide the nuclear reactors for a planned complex in Andhra Pradesh, is also watching the agreement closely.

It seems finally we are in a situation where that significant light at the end of the tunnel isn’t just a blur, but a definite reality.

Important Links and Quotes

LNG Quotes:

NirupamaRao (Ambassador to India) :With LNG demand expected to grow at 5-6 percent a year till 2020 and 2-3 percent thereafter, India, along with other Asian counterparts, is driving this growth. (http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Energy-Resources/2013/06/13/India-aims-to-boost-LNG-imports/UPI-84241371149089/)

NirupamaRao: Making this LNG a cheaper comparable fuel option is a great task.((http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Energy-Resources/2013/06/13/India-aims-to-boost-LNG-imports/UPI-84241371149089/)

Congressman Pete Olson: “Our relationship with India is key, and our Indian allies can either buy gas from us or from nations like Iran” (http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/us-energy-secretary-to-visit-india-to-discuss-shale-gas-export-113061500090_1.html)

US Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz: “I will be evaluating the export applications on a case-by-case basis, expeditiously” (http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/us-energy-secretary-to-visit-india-to-discuss-shale-gas-export-113061500090_1.html)

President Obama defending a federal reserve policy that would boost American exports to Asia:

“I will say that the Fed’s mandate, my mandate, is to grow our economy,” Obama said at a press conference yesterday in Delhi, India. “And the worst thing that could happen to the world economy, not ours — not just ours, but the entire world’s economy — is if we end up being stuck with no growth or very limited growth.” (http://www.nytimes.com/cwire/2010/11/09/09climatewire-obama-and-ge-make-clean-tech-export-case-to-19304.html)

Important Links:

India seeks more liquid shale gas from U.S. to bridge demand-supply gap

(June 18, 2012) http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2012-06-18/news/32299276_1_shale-gas-lng-cheniere-energy

India banks on Canada to skirt U.S. gas export ban

(July 24, 2012) http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-07-24/india/32826698_1_india-and-canada-fta-export-ban


US-India Clean Energy Partnership Set to Open New Vistas

(July 26, 2012) http://www.indiaamericatoday.com/article/us-india-clean-energy-partnership-set-open-new-vistas

Press Release – US-India Energy Dialogue

(September 28, 2012) https://www.indianembassy.org/prdetail2033/press-release—us-india-energy-dialogue

U.S.-India energy dialogue forges on in Washington

(October 4, 2012)http://www.indusbusinessjournal.com/ME2/dirmod.asp?sid=&nm=&type=Publishing&mod=Publications%3A%3AArticle&mid=8F3A7027421841978F18BE895F87F791&tier=4&id=05306F2B8B874984B42918A6DEC0F707


US to benefit from LNG exports to India, China

(December 18, 2012) http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2012-12-18/news/35890868_1_lng-exports-cheniere-energy-lng-purchases

The Pipe Runneth Over

(January 20, 2013) http://businesstoday.intoday.in/story/energy-security-india/1/191045.html

Bill in U.S. Senate to export natural gas to non FTA-nations

(February 1, 2013) http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-02-01/news/36684571_1_natural-gas-lng-exports-shale-gas

US takes India to WTO over solar cell imports

(February 6, 2013); Related to dispute over solar energy http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-21363498

Liquefied Natural Gas Exports: An Opportunity for America

(February 2013) http://www.piie.com/publications/pb/pb13-6.pdf

USINPAC urges review of US-India relations

(March 28, 2013) http://www.indiapost.com/usinpac-urges-review-of-us-india-relations/

LNG Exports Can Power India and Fuel our Economy

(April 9, 2013) http://www.energyforamerica.org/2013/04/09/lng-exports-can-power-india-and-fuel-our-economy/

India Poised to be an Important U.S. LNG Export Market

(April 9, 2013) http://shipandbunker.com/news/world/449899-india-poised-to-be-an-important-us-lng-export-market

How Cheniere Energy Got First In Line To Export America’s Natural Gas

(April 17, 2013) http://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherhelman/2013/04/17/first-mover-how-cheniere-energy-is-leading-americas-lng-revolution/

India’s Petronet LNG Signs First Accord to Import Gas From U.S.

(April 25, 2013)http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-04-25/india-s-petronet-lng-signs-first-accord-to-import-gas-from-u-s-.html

Technology, economy and energy new drivers of India-US ties: Indian Ambassador Nirupama Rao

(April 30, 2013) http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-04-30/news/38930026_1_shale-gas-indian-ambassador-energy-trade

Technology, energy new drivers of India-US ties: Nirupama Rao

(April 30, 2013) http://www.livemint.com/Politics/78gi0JpHlccPYosFkbpraM/Technology-energy-new-drivers-of-IndiaUS-ties-Nirupama-Ra.html

US natural gas exports to India, a ‘win-win’ proposition: Nirupama Rao

(May 8, 2013) http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-05-08/news/39116815_1_natural-gas-henry-hub-indian-ambassador

Avenues of India-US energy partnership discussed

(May 13, 2013) http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-05-13/news/39228761_1_energy-cooperation-lng-sale-natural-gas

India-US clean energy partnership mobilises $1.7 billion

(May 14, 2013) http://zeenews.india.com/business/news/economy/india-us-clean-energy-partnership-mobilises-1-7-billion_76187.html

Energy Chief Confirmation, US-India Collaboration on Stimulating Trade in Energy Sector

(May 17, 2013) http://www.indiaamericatoday.com/article/energy-chief-confirmation-us-india-collaboration-stimulating-trade-energy-sector

U.S. clears shale gas export to India

(May 18, 2013) http://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/us-clears-shale-gas-export-to-india/article4727973.ece

India awaits LNG exports from Freeport facility

(May 20, 2013) http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Energy-Resources/2013/05/20/India-awaits-LNG-exports-from-Freeport-facility/UPI-30271369078235/

Calls for Action at U.S. – India Energy Partnership Summit in DC; Extreme Heat in hits Ahmedabad

(May 21, 2013) http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/ggill/calls_for_action_at_us_-_india.html

U.S. Energy Exports to India: A Game Changer

(May 2013) http://csis.org/publication/us-energy-exports-india-game-changer

US Energy Secretary to visit India to discuss shale gas export

(June 15, 2013) http://zeenews.india.com/business/news/economy/us-energy-secretary-to-visit-india-to-discuss-shale-gas-export_78087.html

US Energy Secretary to visit India to discuss shale gas export

(June 15, 2013) http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-06-15/news/39993112_1_export-applications-energy-secretary-shale-gas-export